Producing and Consuming the Transition: Incorporating Animal Resources at the Turn from Bronze to Iron Age in Southwestern Bulgaria
The project Producing and Consuming the Transition: Incorporating Animal Resources at the Turn from Bronze to Iron Age in Southwestern Bulgaria, is a collaboration between Department of Archaeology in New Bulgarian University and Department of Anthropology in Cornell University. While focusing on excavations of a well preserved Late Bronze Age site in southwest Bulgaria,the project investigates the economic and social roles of domestic and wild animals at the turn of the Late Bronze Age (LBA) to the Early Iron Age (EIA) and during the EIA at the site of Bresto in the Upper Mesta Valley. By using a combination of classical and innovative zooarchaeological techniques, the project seeks information about late 2nd millennium practices of hunting, herding, and fishing, as well as patterns of consumption and deposition of animal remains. Evidence is sought for an expanded role of animals in prehistoric societies, as providers of primary or secondary products, as forms of wealth, or as symbolic resources. A detailed zooarchaeological study of data collected as part of an on-going question-oriented and well-documented excavation, combined with contextual information from other sources (archaeobotanics, pottery, architecture and small finds), will shed light on the nature of human-animal relationships that lie at the heart of important social and economic issues.